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Sanctuary and Survival: The PLO in Lebanon

Boulder: Westview Press, 1990

by Rex Brynen

Documents and Compendia

Center for the Study of the Modern Arab World. CEMAM Reports 1975. Volume 3: Religion, State and Ideology. Beirut: Dar el-Mashreq, 1975.

Chamieh, Jebran, ed. Record of the Arab World. Beirut: The Research and Publishing House, annual. (Herein RAW.)

Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The August Program and a Democratic Solution. n.p., n.d.

__________. The Political Program. n.p., c1975.

__________. The Political Program, May 1981. n.p.: Committe for Central Information and International Relations, c1981.

Institute for Palestine Studies. International Documents on Palestine (annual). Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.

__________. al-Watha'iq al-filistiniyya al-'arabiyya [Palestinian Arab Documents] (annual). Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.

__________. "Documents and Source Material." Journal of Palestine Studies (quarterly).

Israeli, Raphael, ed. PLO in Lebanon: Selected Documents. London: Weidenfield & Nicolson, 1983.

Kadi, Leila, ed. Basic Political Documents of the Armed Palestinian Resistance Movement. Beirut: PLO Research Center, 1969.

Khuayri, Antoine, ed. Hawadith Lubnan 1975 [Events of Lebanon 1975]. Beirut: Manshurat Dar al-Abjadiyya, 1976.

__________. al-Harb fi Lubnan 1976 [The War in Lebanon 1976] 3 volumes. Beirut: Manshurat Dar al-Abjadiyya, 1977.

Lebanese Center for Documentation and Research. Lebanese-Israeli Negotiations: Chronology, Bibliography, Documents, Maps. n.p.: CEDRE, 1984.

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Strategy for the Liberation of Palestine. Amman: PFLP Information Department, 1969.

__________. Tasks of the New Stage. Beirut: PFLP Foreign Relations Committee, 1978.

United Nations. Report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (annual). Official Records of the UN General Assembly.

__________. Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (annual). Official Records of the UN Security Council.

Books and Articles (selected)

'Abd al-Rahman, As'ad. "The Palestinian-Lebanese Dimension to the Domestic Arab War of Attrition." Shu'un filastiniyya 46 (June 1975) [in Arabic].

'Abd al-Rahman, Muhammad. "The Israeli Appraisal of Military Performance in the July War." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Abu Iyad [Salah Khalaf, with Eric Rouleau]. My Home, My Land: A Narrative of the Palestinian Struggle. New York: Times Books, 1981.

Abu-Khalil, Asad. "Druze, Sunni and Shi'ite Political Leadership in Present-Day Lebanon." Arab Studies Quarterly 7, 4 (Fall 1985).

__________. "Internal Contradictions in the PFLP: Decision Making and Policy Orientation." Middle East Journal 41, 3 (Summer 1987).

Abu Leila [Interview]. "Confronting the Dilemmas of the PLO in Lebanon and Jordan." MERIP Reports 83 (December 1979).

Abu-Lughod, Ibrahim. "Lebanon and Palestine: Some Contrasts in the Application of the Principles of National Liberation." Arab Studies Quarterly 7, 4 (Fall 1985).

__________, ed. The Transformation of Palestine. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1987.

__________ and Ahmad, Eqbal, eds. "The Invasion of Lebanon" (Special Issue). Race & Class 24, 4 (Spring 1983).

Ajami, Fouad. The Vanished Imam: Musa al-Sadr and the Shi'a of Lebanon. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985.

'Amil, Mahdi. Madkhal ila naqd al-fikr al-ta'ifi: al-qadiyya al-filastiniyya fi idiyulujiyya al-brujuwaziyya al-lubnaniyya [An Introduction to the Refutation of Sectarian Thought: The Palestinian Cause in Lebanese Progressive Ideology]. Beirut: Dar al-Farabi, 1985.

Amos II, John W. Palestinian Resistance. New York: Pergamon Press, 1980.

'Amr, Mahjub. "The Palestinian Ramadan War: The Situation and Results." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Anglin, Douglas G., and Timothy M. Shaw. Zambia's Foreign Policy: Studies in Diplomacy and Dependence. Boulder: Westview Press, 1979.

'Arafat, Fathi. al-Sihha wa al-harb [Health and War]. Nicosia: PRCS Central Organization for Information and Education, 1984.

Aulas, Marie Christine. "Lebanon's Palestinians: Life at Ground Zero." MERIP Middle East Report 119 (November-December 1983).

__________. "The Socio-Ideological Development of the Maronite Community: The Emergence of the Phalange and the Lebanese Forces." Arab Studies Quarterly 7, 4 (Fall 1985).

al-Ayyubi, Haytham. "Eight Israeli Gains from the Civil War in Lebanon." Shu'un filastiniyya 60 (October/November 1976) [in Arabic].

__________. "The Nature of the Lebanese War." Shu'un filastiniyya 62 (January 1977) [in Arabic].

Azar, Edward E. et al. The Emergence of a New Lebanon: Fantasy or Reality. New York: Praeger, 1984.

Barakat, Halim. "Social Factors Influencing Attitudes of University Students in Lebanon towards the Palestinian Resistance Movement." Journal of Palestine Studies 1, 1 (Autumn 1971): 87-112.

__________. Lebanon in Strife: Student Preludes to the Civil War. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977.

Barakat, Khalil. "Report: The Military Situation in South Lebanon." Shu'un filastiniyya 65 (April 1977) [in Arabic].

__________. "The South and the New Zionist Plan." Shu'un filastiniyya 81/82 (August/September 1978) [in Arabic].

Bertleson, Judy. The Palestinian Arabs: A Non-State Systems Analysis. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, 1976.

Blechman, Barry. "The Impact of Israel's Reprisals on the Behavior of the Bordering Arab Nations Directed at Israel." Journal of Conflict Resolution 16, 2 (June 1972).

Bulloch, John. Death of a Country: The Civil War in Lebanon. London: Weidenfield & Nicolson, 1977.

__________. Final Conflict: The War in Lebanon. London: Century Publishing, 1983.

Calvert, Peter. Revolution and International Politics. London: Frances Pinter, 1984.

Chaliand, Gerard. (trans. Michael Perl). The Palestinian Resistance. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.

__________, ed. Guerilla Strategies. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Chomsky, Noam. The Fateful Triangle: Israel, the United States, and the Palestinians. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1984.

Cobban, Helena. The Palestinian Liberation Organization: People, Power and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

__________. The Making of Modern Lebanon. London: Hutchinson, 1985.

Dajani, Maha Ahmed. The Institutionalization of Palestinian Identity in Egypt. Cairo Papers in Social Science. Cairo: American University in Cairo, 1986.

Dawisha, Adeed. I. Syria and the Lebanese Crisis. London: Macmillan, 1980.

Deeb, Marius. The Lebanese Civil War. New York: Praeger, 1980.

Dekmejian, R. Hrair. Patterns of Political Leadership: Egypt, Israel, Lebanon. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1975.

Dishon, Daniel, ed. Middle East Record 1969-70. Jerusalem: Israel Universities Press, 1977. [Herein MERecord 1969-70.]

Diskin, Abraham. "Trends in Intensity Variation of Palestinian Military Activity, 1967-1978." Canadian Journal of Political Science 16, 2 (June 1983).

Dubar, Claude; and salim Nasr. Les classes sociales au Liban. Paris: Presses de la fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 1976.

Eckstein, Harry, ed. Internal War: Problems and Approaches. New York: The Free Press, 1964.

Entelis, John P. "Palestinian Revolutionism in Lebanese Politics: the Christian Response." Muslim World 62, 4 (October 1972).

__________. "Structural Change and Organizational Development in the Lebanese Kata'ib Party." Middle East Journal 27, 1 (Winter 1973).

__________. Pluralism and Party Transformation: al-Kata'ib 1936-1970. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1974.

Eytan, Z. "The Palestinian Armed Forces After Beirut." Jerusalem Quarterly 32 (Summer 1984).

Fadlallah, Muhammad Husayn [Interview]. "The Palestinians, the Shi'a, and South Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 16, 2 (Winter 1987).

Farah, Tewfic A. Political Behavior in the Arab States. Boulder; Westview Press, 1983.

Faris, Hani. "Lebanon and the Palestinians: Brotherhood or Fratricide." Arab Studies Quarterly 3, 4 (Fall 1981).

Farsoun, Samih. "Student Protests and the Coming Crisis in Lebanon." MERIP Reports 19 (August 1973).

Franjiyya, Samir. "How Revolutionary is the Palestinian Resistance?" Journal of Palestine Studies 1, 2 (Winter 1972).

Freedman, Robert O., ed. The Middle East After the Israeli Invasion. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Freund, J. "The Future of Lebanese-Palestinian Relations." Shu'un filastiniyya 47 (July 1975) [in Arabic].

"The Future of Lebanese-Palestinian Relations." [A discussion with Amin al-Hafiz, Kamal Junblat, Shaykh Maythal al-Khuri, Najib Abu Haydar, Samir Franjiyya, Shafiq al-Hut] Shu'un Filastiniyya 47 (July 1975) [in Arabic].

Giap, Vo Nguyen. The Military Art of People's War. Edited by Russell Stetler. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970.

Gilmour, David. The Dispossessed. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1980.

__________. Lebanon: the Fractured Country. London: Sphere Books, 1984.

Golan, Galia. The Soviet Union and the Palestine Liberation Organization. New York: Praeger, 1980.

Gordia, Wade R. Sovereignty and Leadership in Lebanon 1943-1976. London: Ithaca, 1985.

Greene, Thomas. Comparative Revolutionary Movements. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1990.

Gresh, Alain. The PLO: The Struggle Within. London: Zed Press, 1985.

Guevara, Ernesto (Che). Guerilla Warfare. Introduction and case studies by Brian Loveman and Thomas Davies Jr. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

Habash, George [Interview]. "The Future of the Palestinian National Movement." Journal of Palestine Studies 14, 4 (Summer 1985).

Haddad, Wadi. The Politics of Revolving Doors. New York: Praeger, 1985.

Hadi, Nabil. "Lebanese Isolationist Propoganda and the Palestinian Resistance." Shu'un filastiniyya 102 (May 1980) [in Arabic].

__________. "A New Stage of Confrontation in the Lebanese-Palestinian Arena." Shu'un filastiniyya 110 (January 1982) [in Arabic].

Hagopian, Elaine. "Phalangist Lebanon and Zionist Israel." Arab Studies Quarterly 5, 4 (Fall 1984).

__________, ed. Amal and the Palestinians: Understanding the Battle of the Camps. Belmont, Mass.: AAUG Press, 1985.

__________ and Farsoun, Samih, eds. South Lebanon. Detroit: AAUG, August 1978.

Haley, Edward P., and Lewis W. Snider, eds. Lebanon in Crisis. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1979.

Hallaq, Hasan. Mawqaf lubnan min al-qadiyya al-filastiniyya 1918-1952 [Lebanon's Attitude towards the Palestinian Cause, 1918-1952]. Beirut: PLO Research Center, 1982.

Hamizrachi, Beate. The Emergence of the South Lebanon Security Belt. New York: Praeger, 1988.

Hampton, Françoise. "Winning by the Rules: Law and Warfare in the 1980s." Third World Quarterly 11, 2 (April 1989).

Harik, Ilya F. Politics and Change in a Traditional Society: Lebanon 1711-1845. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Harris, William. "Syria in Lebanon." MERIP Reports 134 (July-August 1985).

Hart, Alan. Arafat: Terrorist or Peacemaker? London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1984.

al-Hasan, Bilal. "The Palestinian-Israeli War." Shu'un Filastiniyya 117 (August 1981) [in Arabic].

Hinnebusch, Raymond A. "Syrian Policy in Lebanon and the Palestinians." Arab Studies Quarterly 8, 1 (Winter 1986).

Hof, Frederic C. Galilee Divided: The Israel-Lebanon Frontier, 1916-1984. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Hudson, Michael C. The Precarious Republic: Political Modernization in Lebanon. New York: Random House, 1968.

__________. "Fedayeen are Forcing Lebanon's Hand." Mid-East 10, 1 (February 1970).

__________. "Developments and Setbacks in the Palestinian Resistance Movement, 1967-1971." Journal of Palestine Studies 1, 3 (Spring 1972).

__________. "The Lebanese Crisis and the Limits of Consociational Democracy." Journal of Palestine Studies 5, 3-4 (Spring-Summer 1976).

__________. "The Palestinian Factor in the Lebanese Civil War." Middle East Journal 32, 3 (Summer 1978).

__________. "The Palestinians After Lebanon." Current History 88, 480 (January 1983).

Hussain, Mehmood. The Palestine Liberation Organization. Delhi: University Publishers, 1975.

al-Hut, Shafiq. "In Reply to the Document of the Lebanese Front." Shu'un filastiniyya 111 (February 1981) [in Arabic].

__________. "The Sixth Arab-Israeli War." Shu'un Filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Institute for Palestine Studies. "Chronique de la lutte populaire." Revue d'études palestiniennes 16 (Summer 1985).

__________. "Le seige des camps palestiniens de Beyrouth." Revue d'études palestiniennes 17 (Autumn 1985).

Institute for the Study of Conflict. "Since Jordan: The Palestinian Fedayeen." Conflict Studies 38 (1973).

Jansen, Michael. The Battle of Beirut: Why Israel Invaded Lebanon. London: Zed Press, 1982.

Jawad, Sa'id. "The Unified Struggle of the Palestinian Resistance and the Lebanese National Movement." Shu'un filastiniyya 60 (October-November 1976) [in Arabic].

Joumblatt [Junblat], Kamal. I Speak for Lebanon. London: Zed Press, 1982.

Jureidini, Paul A.; and Hazen, William E. The Palestinian Movement in Politics. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington, 1973.

Kassir, Samir. "La resistance nationale libanaise: quelques propositions." Revue d'études palestiniennes 16 (Summer 1985).

Kazziha, Walid W. Revolutionary Transformation in the Arab World: George Habash and his Comrades from Nationalism to Marxism. London: Charles Knight, 1975.

__________. Palestine in the Arab Dilemma. London: Croom Helm, 1979.

Kelider, Abbas, and Michael Burrell. "Lebanon: The Collapse of a State." Conflict Studies 74 (1976).

Kelly, George A., and Linda B. Miller. Internal War and International Systems: Perspectives on Method. Occasional Paper No. 21. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Center for International Affairs, 1969.

Khalaf, Yazid. "A Military Study of the July War." Shu'un Filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

__________. "About Palestinian Military Thought." Shu'un filastiniyya 150/151 (September/October 1985) [in Arabic].

Khalidi, Rashid. "The Palestinians in Lebanon: Social Repercussions of Israel's Invasion." Middle East Journal 38, 2 (Spring 1984).

__________. "L'impact du mouvement national palestinien sur la societé et la politiques libanaises." Revue d'études palestiniennes 12 (Summer 1984).

__________. "The Asad Regime and the Palestinian Resistance." Arab Studies Quarterly 6, 4 (Fall 1984).

__________. "Lebanon in the Context of Regional Politics." Third World Quarterly 7, 3 (July 1985).

__________. "The Palestinian Dilemma: PLO Policy After Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 15, 1 (Autumn 1985).

__________. Under Siege: PLO Decisionmaking in the 1982 War. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Khalidi, Walid. Conflict and Violence in Lebanon. Harvard: Center for International Affairs, 1979.

Khater, Tony. "Lebanese Politics and the Palestinian Resistance Movement, 1967-1976." Ph.D. thesis, State University New York, Buffalo, 1982.

Khoury, Enver M. The Crisis in the Lebanese System: Confessionalism and Chaos. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1978.

Khoury, Philip. "Syria and Lebanon, 1943-1975." MERIP Reports 134 (July-August 1985).

Khuri, Ilyas. "The War of the South." Shu'un filastiniyya 77 (April 1978) [in Arabic].

Kishly, Muhammad. "The Crisis is Lebanese in Origin... Before Lebanese-Palestinian Relations." Shu'un Filastiniyya 46 (June 1975) [in Arabic].

__________. al-Azma al-lubnaniyya wa al-wujud al-filastini [The Lebanese Crisis and the Palestinian Presence]. Beirut: Dar Ibn Khaldun, 1975.

Korany, Bahgat. How Foreign Policy Decisions are Made in the Third World. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

__________ and Ali E. Hilal Dessouki. The Foreign Policies of Arab States. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Laqueur, Walter Z. Guerilla: A Historical and Critical Study. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Legum, Colin, and Haim Shaked. Arab Relations in the Middle East. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1979.

__________ and Danile Dishon, eds. Middle East Contemporary Survey. New York: Holmes & Meier, annual. [Herein MECS].

Mahmud, Mu'in Ahmad. al-Filastiniyun fi lubnan: al-waqa'i al-ijtima'i [The Palestinians in Lebanon: The Social Facts]. Beirut: Dar Ibn Khaldun, 1973.

Mansour, Camille. "Au dela du siege des camps palestiniens de Beyrouth: la montée en puissance du mouvement Amal et ses limites." Maghreb-Machrek 109 (July-September 1985).

Mao Tse Tung. On Guerilla Warfare. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press, 1978.

McColl, Robert W. "A Political Geography of Revolution: China, Vietnam and Thailand." Journal of Conflict Resolution 11, 2 (June 1967).

Meo, Leila. Lebanon: Improbable Nation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973.

__________ and Edward Said. Lebanon: Two Perspectives. Detroit: AAUG, 1975.

Middle East Information and Research Project. "Lebanon a Year Later: The Crisis Deepens." MERIP Reports 30 (August 1974).

__________. "Lebanon Explodes." MERIP Reports 44 (February 1976).

__________. "Why Syria Invaded Lebanon." MERIP Reports 51 (October 1976).

__________. "Riyadh Agreement Ratifies Syrian Invasion." MERIP Reports 52 (November 1976).

__________. "Kamal Junblat: Lebanon's Future." MERIP Reports 56 (April 1977).

__________. "Southern Lebanon: Israel Invades." MERIP Reports 66 (April 1978).

Miller, Aaron David. The PLO and the Politics of Survival. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Miller, Norman, and Roderick Aya, eds. National Liberation: Revolution in the Third World. New York: The Free Press, 1971.

Milne, Richard S. Politics in Ethnically Bipolar States. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1981.

Mirhij, Bashara; and Tariq Ahmad. "Lebanon and the Palestinian Revolution." Shu'un filastiniyya 62 (January 1977) [in Arabic].

Moughrabi, Fouad. "The Palestinians After Lebanon." Arab Studies Quarterly 5, 3 (Summer 1983).

__________ and Naseer Aruri, eds. Lebanon: Crisis and Challenge in the Arab World. Detroit: AAUG, January 1977.

Msabaha, Ibrahim S., and Timothy M. Shaw, eds. Confrontation and Liberation in Southern Africa: Regional Directions After the Nikomati Accord. Boulder: Westview Press, 1987.

Mundas, Hani. al-'Amal wa-al-'umal fi al-mukhayam al-filastini: bahth maydani 'an mukhayam Tall al-Za'tar [Work and Workers in a Palestinian Camp: Research on the Camp of Tall al Za'tar]. Beirut: PLO Research Center, 1974.

Naveed, Ahmed. "The Lebanese Crisis: The Role of the PLO." Pakistan Horizon 29, 1 (1976).

Nazzel, Nafez. The Palestinian Exodus from the Galilee, 1948. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978.

Norton, Augustus Richard. Amal and the Shi'a: Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987.

O'Ballance, Edgar. Arab Guerilla Power, 1967-72. London: Faber & Faber, 1974.

O'Brien, Lee. "Campaign of Terror: Car Bombing in Lebanon." MERIP Reports 118 (October 1983).

Odeh, B.J. Lebanon: Dynamics of Conflict. London: Zed Press, 1985.

O'Neill, Bard E. Armed Struggle in Palestine: A Political-Military Analysis. Boulder: Westview Press, 1978.

__________, Willaim Heaton, and Donald J. Alberts, eds. Insurgency in the Modern World. Boulder: Westview Press, 1980.

Owen, Roger, ed. Essays on the Crisis in Lebanon. London: Ithaca Press, 1976.

Pakradouni, Karim. La paix manquée: le mandat d'Elias Sarkis (1976-1982) 2nd edition. Paris: Editions FMA, 1984.

Pelcovits, Nathan A. Peacekeeping on Arab-Israeli Fronts: Lessons from the Sinai and Lebanon. SAIS Paper in International Affairs 3. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Peteet, Julie. "Socio-Political Integration and Conflict Resolution in Palestinian Camps in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 16, 2 (Winter 1987).

Petran, Tabitha. The Struggle Over Lebanon. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1987.

Picard, Elizabeth. "Le Liban et la résistance palestinienne." Revue française de science politique 25, 1 (February 1975).

__________. "Liban: guerre civile, conflit regionale." Maghreb-Machrek 73 (July-September 1976).

__________. "De la 'communauté-classe' à la résistance 'nationale': pour une analyse du rôle des Chi'ites dans le système polititique libanais (1970-1985)." Revue française de science politique 35, 6 (December 1985).

PLO Research Center. "Special File on the Palestinian-Israeli War." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Quandt, William B., Fuad Jabber, and Ann Mosely Lesch. The Politics of Palestinian Nationalism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

Raad, Inam [Interview]. MERIP Reports 73 (December 1978).

Rabinovitch, Itamar. The War for Lebanon, 1970-1985 rev. edition. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Randal, Jonathan. Going All the Way: Christian Warlords, Israeli Adventurers and the War in Lebanon rev. edition. New York: Vintage Books, 1984.

Rasler, Karen. "Conflict and Escalation in Lebanon: A Dynamic Analysis of Civil War and Intervention." Ph.D. thesis, Florida State University, 1981.

el-Rayyes, Riad; and Nahas, Dunia. Guerrillas for Palestine. London: Croom Helm, 1976.

Reilly, James A. "Israel in Lebanon, 1975-82." MERIP Reports 108/109 (September/October 1982).

Rejai, Mostafa. The Comparative Study of Revolutionary Strategy. New York: David McKay, 1977.

Richards, Leila. The Hills of Sidon: Journal from South Lebanon, 1983-85. New York: Adama Books, 1988.

Rosenau, James N., ed. International Aspects of Civil Strife. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Rubenberg, Cheryl A. The Palestine Liberation Organization: Its Institutional Infrastructure. Belmont, Mass.: Institute of Arab Studies, 1983.

__________. "Palestinians in Lebanon: A Question of Human and Civil Rights." Arab Studies Quarterly 6, 3 (Summer 1984).

Ryan, Sheila. "Israel's Invasion of Lebanon: Background to the Crisis." Journal of Palestine Studies 11/12, 4/1 (Summer/Fall 1982).

Sadaka, Linda, and Nawaf Salam, eds. The Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-1976: A Bibliographical Guide. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1982.

Sahliyeh, Emile. The PLO After the Lebanon War. Boulder: Westview, 1986.

Said, Edward et al. A Profile of the Palestinian People. Chicago: Palestine Human Rights Campaign, 1983.

Sa'id, Mahmud. "The Triumph and the Dilemma." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Sakran, 'Abdullah. "Report: Response to the Isolationist Pocket in the South." Shu'un filastiniyya 62 (January 1977) [in Arabic].

Salah, Muhammad. al-Harb al-filastiniyya al-isra'iliyya: 10-24 tammuz 1981 [The Palestinian-Israeli War: 10-24 July 1981]. Beirut: Manshur filastin al-muhatala, 1981.

Salibi, Kamal. Crossroads to Civil War. New York: Caravan Books, 1976.

Sayigh, Rosemary. "Sources of Palestinian Nationalism: A Study of a Palestinian Camp in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 6, 4 (Summer 1977).

__________. "The Struggle for Survival: The Economic Conditions of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 7, 2 (Winter 1978).

__________. Palestinians: From Peasants to Revolutionaries. London: Zed Press, 1979.

Sayigh, Yezid. "Palestinian Military Performance in the 1982 War." Journal of Palestine Studies 12, 4 (Summer 1983).

__________. "Israel's Military Performance in Lebanon, June 1982." Journal of Palestine Studies 13, 1 (Fall 1983).

__________. "Palestinian Armed Struggle: Means and Ends." Journal of Palestine Studies 16, 1 (Autumn 1986).

Sayil, Sa'd [Interview] . Shu'un filastiniyya 105 (August 1980).

__________ [Interview]. Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981).

Schiff, Ze'ev; and Ya'ari, Ehud. Israel's Lebanon War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.

Scott, Andrew M. et al. Insurgency. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Shafiq, Munir. "The Rules Governing the Relations Between the Forces of the Arab Struggle." Shu'un Filastiniyya 50/51 (October/November 1975) [in Arabic].

__________. The War of March 1978 from a Military Perspective." Shu'un filastiniyya 100 (March 1980) [in Arabic].

Shahin, Ahmad. "Events of the War." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Shahin, Hanna. "Israel's Appraisal of the Results of the July War: Our Military and Political Fiasco." Shu'un filastiniyya 119 (October 1981) [in Arabic].

Sha'th, Nabil, ed. al-Muqawama al-filastiniyya wa-al-nizam al-urduni [The Palestinian Resistance and the Jordanian Regime]. Beirut: Center for Palestine Studies, 1971.

Sirhan, Bassem. "Palestinian Refugee Camp Life in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies 4, 2 (Winter 1975).

Skogmo, Bjørn. UNIFIL: International Peacekeeping in Lebanon, 1978-1988. Boulder: Lynne Reiner Publishers, 1989.

Snider, Lewis W. "The Lebanese Forces: Their Origins and Role in Lebanon's Politics". Middle East Journal 38, 1 (Winter 1984).

Sobel, Lester A., ed. Palestinian Impasse: Arab Guerrillas and International Terror. New York: Facts on File, 1977.

Stoakes, Frank. "The Supervigilantes: The Lebanese Kataeb Party as Builder, Surrogate, and Defender of the State." Middle Eastern Studies 11, 3 (October 1975).

__________. "The Civil War in Lebanon." The World Today 32, 1 (January 1976).

Stork, Joe. "The War in Lebanon." MERIP Reports 108/109 (September/October 1982).

Suleiman, Michael W. "Crisis and Revolution in Lebanon." Middle East Journal 26, 1 (Winter 1972).

Tueni, Ghassan. Une guerre pour les autres. Paris: Editions Jean-Claude Lattes, 1985.

Urquhart, Brian. A Life in Peace and War. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

Weinberger, Naomi Joy. Syrian Intervention in Lebanon: The 1975-76 Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Yaniv, Avner. Dilemmas of Security: Politics, Strategy, and the Israeli Experience in Lebanon. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Yermiya, Dov. My War Diary: Lebanon, June 5 - July 1, 1982. Boston: South End Press, 1982.

Yonis, Mona. "L'invasion du Liban et la situation sanitaire des Palestiniens." Revue d'études palestiniennes 8 (Summer 1983).

Other Periodicals

Arab Palestinian Resistance (PLA, Damascus).

Arab Report and Record (London). [Herein ARR].

Arab World (Beirut). [Herein AW].

Arab World Weekly (Beirut). [Herein AWW].

Christian Science Monitor (Boston).

DFLP Bulletin (DFLP, Damascus).

Filastin al-thawra (PLO, Beirut, Nicosia)

Foreign Broadcast Information Service. Daily Report-Middle East and North Africa, Daily Report-Near East and South Asia. [Herein FBIS].

__________ /Joint Publications Research Service. Translations of Near East, Translations on Near East and North Africa. [Herein JPRS].

al-Hadaf (PFLP-Beirut, Damascus).

al-Hurriyya (DFLP-Beirut, Nicosia, Damascus).

IDF Journal (Jerusalem).

Jerusalem Post.

Jordan Times (Amman).

Le Monde (Paris).

L'Orient le jour (Beirut).

Middle East (London).

Middle East International (London). [Herein MEI].

Middle East Reporter (Beirut). [Herein MER].

Monday Morning (Beirut).

al-Nahar (Beirut).

New York Times.

Nidal al-Sha'b (PSF, Beirut).

Palestine (PLO, Beirut, Tunis).

PFLP Bulletin (PFLP, Beirut).

Times (London).

WAFA (PLO-Palestine News Agency).

Personal Interviews

Among those interviewed, the following persons agreed to be identified by name:

'Abdullah, 'Abdullah. Director of Palestine Information Office, Ottawa. Several conversations in Calgary, Ottawa and Amman, 1984-89.

'Abd al-Hadi, Sa'id. Member of DFLP Central Committee; Secretary of DFLP International Relations Department. Damascus, 18 December 1986.

'Abd al-Rahim, Tayyib. Director of Fateh broadcasting 1969-70; director of Voice of Palestine 1973-78; member of PNC 1977-, member of CC 1983- ; former PLO amabassador to China and Egypt; member of Fateh Revolutionary Council 1980- . Cairo, 18 January 1987.

'Abd al-Rahman, As'ad. Member of PNC 1969- , CC 1977- . Amman, Several conversations in December 1986 and July-August 1989.

Abu Kuwayk, Samih. Member of Fateh Revolutionary Council 1968-83; member of Fateh Central Committee 1980-83; member of PNC and CC 1980-84. Damascus, 17 December 1986.

Abu Layla. Member of DFLP Politburo 1969- . Damascus, 10 February 1987.

Abu Lughod, Ibrahim. Independent member of PNC. Conversations in August 1986 and September 1987.

Abu Mayzar, 'Abd al-Muhsin. Member of PNC 1973-87; member of CC 1974-87; member and official spokesman of EC 1974-84; official spokesman of the PNSF. Damascus, 9 February 1987; 2 August 1989.

Abu Ramadan, Majdi. Independent member of PNC; member of EC 1967-68, 1977-81. Cairo, 16 November 1986, 1 December 1986.

Ahmad, 'Abd al-Rahim. General Secretary of ALF 1977- ; member of PNC 1972- ; member of CC; member of EC 1977- . Amman, 28 December 1986.

'Arafat, Fathi. President of PRCS; member of PNC. Cairo, 3-4 February 1987.

'Arafat, Yasir. Founding member of Fateh and Chairman of Fateh Central Committee; Commander-in-chief of PLO forces; member of PNC, CC, Chairman of PLO EC 1969- . Baghdad, 29 December 1986.

Bakr, Ibrahim. Independent member of PNC 1968- , member of PLO CC 1973-84, member of PLO EC 1969. Amman, 20 August 1989.

Dajani, Ahmad Sidqi al-. Independent member of PNC 1964- ; member of PLO CC 1973­ ; member of PLO EC 1966-67, 1977-84. Cairo, 9 December 1986.

Fahum, Khalid al-. Independent member of PNC 1964- ; Speaker of PNC 1971-84; member of CC 1973-84; member of EC 1964-65, 1967-69. Damascus 20 December 1986.

Hilal, Jamil. Member of DFLP Central Committee; Secretariat, General Union of Palestinian Writers and Journalists; member of PNC 1983- . Damascus, 20 December 1986.

Jiryas, Sabri. Director of Palestine Research Center; member of PNC. Personal correspondence, December 1985.

Khalaf, Salah. Founding member of Fateh and member of Fateh Central Committee; director of PLO Unified Security. Tunis, 24 and 27 January 1987.

Labadi, Mahmud. Director of PLO Foreign Information Department 1974-82. Damascus, 17 December 1986.

Milhelm, Mustafa. Independent member of PNC 1974- , member of CC 1976- . Amman, 25 December 1986.

Muhi al-Din, Sabir. Member of PFLP Politburo. Damascus, 18 December 1986.

Muragha, Sa'id Musa. Commander of PLO/Joint Forces in south Lebanon 1972-77; deputy director of PLO/Joint Forces Central Operation Room 1977-82; member of Fateh Revolutionary Council 1980-83; leader of Fateh rebellion 1983- . Damascus, 10 February 1987.

Qadi, 'Isam al-. General Secretary of the Ba'th Party (Palestine region) 1972- ; member of Politburo, Ba'th pan-Arab Command 1975- ; member of PNC and CC 1975- ; General-Secretary of al-Sa'iqa 1979- ; member of PLO EC 1979-80. Damascus, 20 December 1986, 3 August 1989.

Salih, 'Abd al-Jawad. Former mayor of al-Bireh (deported by Israel in 1973); member of PLO EC 1974-81. Amman, 24 July 1989.

Shaka'a, 'Umar al-. Official in PLO Department of Popular Organizations 1968-71; PLO Political Department 1971- . Amman, 23 December 1986.

Sha'th, Nabil. Member of PNC 1969- , chairman of PNC Political Committee, member of PLO CC 1970- ; director of PLO Planning Center 1971-81, advisor to the PLO Chairman for International Relations, Education 1982- ; chairman of Fateh General Congress, member of Fateh Revolutionary Council 1971- . Cairo, 9 November 1986 and 8 January 1987.

Wazir, Khalil al-. Founding member of Fateh and member of Fateh Central Committee; Deputy Commander of PLO Forces. Baghdad, 29, 30 December 1986. (Assassinated 16 April 1988 in Tunis by Israeli forces.)

Zibri, Mustafa al-. PLO EC 1987- ; Deputy Secretary-General of the the PFLP, member of the PFLP Politbureau. Damascus, 10 February 1987.

  • PNC - Palestine National Council
  • CC - PLO Central Council
  • EC - PLO Executive Committee
  • Positions acquired subsequent to the time of interview are not noted.

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