The Geneva Accord - Draft Permanent Status Agreement
Source: The following is the text of the Geneva
Accord, obtained exclusively by Haaretz. (Annex X
referred to in the document is yet to be completed)
1 - Purpose of the Permanent Status
1. The Permanent Status Agreement (hereinafter
"this Agreement") ends the era of conflict
and ushers in a new era based on peace, cooperation,
and good neighborly relations between the Parties.
2. The implementation of this Agreement will settle
all the claims of the Parties arising from events
occurring prior to its signature. No further claims
related to events prior to this Agreement may be raised
by either Party.
Article 2 - Relations between the Parties
1. The state of Israel shall recognize the state of
Palestine (hereinafter "Palestine") upon
its establishment. The state of Palestine shall immediately
recognize the state of Israel.
2. The state of Palestine shall be the successor
to the PLO with all its rights and obligations.
3. Israel and Palestine shall immediately establish
full diplomatic and consular relations with each other
and will exchange resident Ambassadors, within one
month of their mutual recognition.
4. The Parties recognize Palestine and Israel as
the homelands of their respective peoples. The Parties
are committed not to interfere in each other's internal
5. This Agreement supercedes all prior agreements
between the Parties.
6. Without prejudice to the commitments undertaken
by them in this Agreement, relations between Israel
and Palestine shall be based upon the provisions of
the Charter of the United Nations.
7. With a view to the advancement of the relations
between the two States and peoples, Palestine and
Israel shall cooperate in areas of common interest.
These shall include, but are not limited to, dialogue
between their legislatures and state institutions,
cooperation between their appropriate local authorities,
promotion of non-governmental civil society cooperation,
and joint programs and exchange in the areas of culture,
media, youth, science, education, environment, health,
agriculture, tourism, and crime prevention. The Israeli-Palestinian
Cooperation Committee will oversee this cooperation
in accordance with Article 8.
8. The Parties shall cooperate in areas of joint
economic interest, to best realize the human potential
of their respective peoples. In this regard, they
will work bilaterally, regionally, and with the international
community to maximize the benefit of peace to the
broadest cross-section of their respective populations.
Relevant standing bodies shall be established by the
Parties to this effect.
9. The Parties shall establish robust modalities
for security cooperation, and engage in a comprehensive
and uninterrupted effort to end terrorism and violence
directed against each others persons, property, institutions
or territory. This effort shall continue at all times,
and shall be insulated from any possible crises and
other aspects of the Parties' relations.
10. Israel and Palestine shall work together and
separately with other parties in the region to enhance
and promote regional cooperation and coordination
in spheres of common interest.
11. The Parties shall establish a ministerial-level
Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee to guide,
monitor, and facilitate the process of implementation
of this Agreement, both bilaterally and in accordance
with the mechanisms in Article 3 hereunder.
Article 3: Implementation and Verification
1. Establishment and Composition
(a) An Implementation and Verification Group (IVG)
shall hereby be established to facilitate, assist
in, guarantee, monitor, and resolve disputes relating
to the implementation of this Agreement.
(b) The IVG shall include the U.S., the Russian
Federation, the EU, the UN, and other parties, both
regional and international, to be agreed on by the
(c) The IVG shall work in coordination with the
Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee established
in Article 2/11 above and subsequent to that with
the Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation Committee (IPCC)
established in Article 8 hereunder.
(d) The structure, procedures, and modalities of
the IVG are set forth below and detailed in Annex
(a) A senior political-level contact group (Contact
Group), composed of all the IVG members, shall be
the highest authority in the IVG.
(b) The Contact Group shall appoint, in consultation
with the Parties, a Special Representative who will
be the principal executive of the IVG on the ground.
The Special Representative shall manage the work of
the IVG and maintain constant contact with the Parties,
the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee, and
the Contact Group.
(c) The IVG permanent headquarters and secretariat
shall be based in an agreed upon location in Jerusalem.
(d) The IVG shall establish its bodies referred
to in this Agreement and additional bodies as it deems
necessary. These bodies shall be an integral part
of and under the authority of the IVG.
(e) The Multinational Force (MF) established under
Article 5 shall be an integral part of the IVG. The
Special Representative shall, subject to the approval
of the Parties, appoint the Commander of the MF who
shall be responsible for the daily command of the
MF. Details relating to the Special Representative
and MF Force Commander are set forth in Annex X.
(f) The IVG shall establish a dispute settlement
mechanism, in accordance with Article 16.
3. Coordination with the Parties
A Trilateral Committee composed of the Special Representative
and the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee
shall be established and shall meet on at least a
monthly basis to review the implementation of this
Agreement. The Trilateral Committee will convene within
48 hours upon the request of any of the three parties
In addition to the functions specified elsewhere in
this Agreement, the IVG shall:
(a) Take appropriate measures based on the reports
it receives from the MF,
(b) Assist the Parties in implementing the Agreement
and preempt and promptly mediate disputes on the ground.
In accordance with the progress in the implementation
of this Agreement, and with the fulfillment of the
specific mandated functions, the IVG shall terminate
its activities in the said spheres. The IVG shall
continue to exist unless otherwise agreed by the Parties.
Article 4 - Territory
1. The International Borders between the States of
Palestine and Israel
(a) In accordance with UNSC Resolution 242 and 338,
the border between the states of Palestine and Israel
shall be based on the June 4th 1967 lines with reciprocal
modifications on a 1:1 basis as set forth in attached
(b) The Parties recognize the border, as set out
in attached Map 1, as the permanent, secure and recognized
international boundary between them.
2. Sovereignty and Inviolability
(a) The Parties recognize and respect each other's
sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political
independence, as well as the inviolability of each
others territory, including territorial waters, and
airspace. They shall respect this inviolability in
accordance with this Agreement, the UN Charter, and
other rules of international law.
(b) The Parties recognize each other's rights in
their exclusive economic zones in accordance with
3. Israeli Withdrawal
(a) Israel shall withdraw in accordance with Article
(b) Palestine shall assume responsibility for the
areas from which Israel withdraws.
(c) The transfer of authority from Israel to Palestine
shall be in accordance with Annex X.
(d) The IVG shall monitor, verify, and facilitate
the implementation of this Article.
(a) A Joint Technical Border Commission (Commission)
composed of the two Parties shall be established to
conduct the technical demarcation of the border in
accordance with this Article. The procedures governing
the work of this Commission are set forth in Annex
(b) Any disagreement in the Commission shall be
referred to the IVG in accordance with Annex X.
(c) The physical demarcation of the international
borders shall be completed by the Commission not later
than nine months from the date of the entry into force
of this Agreement.
(a) The state of Israel shall be responsible for resettling
the Israelis residing in Palestinian sovereign territory
outside this territory.
(b) The resettlement shall be completed according
to the schedule stipulated in Article 5.
(c) Existing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza
Strip regarding Israeli settlers and settlements,
including security, shall remain in force in each
of the settlements until the date prescribed in the
timetable for the completion of the evacuation of
the relevant settlement.
(d) Modalities for the assumption of authority over
settlements by Palestine are set forth in Annex X.
The IVG shall resolve any disputes that may arise
during its implementation.
(e) Israel shall keep intact the immovable property,
infrastructure and facilities in Israeli settlements
to be transferred to Palestinian sovereignty. An agreed
inventory shall be drawn up by the Parties with the
IVG in advance of the completion of the evacuation
and in accordance with Annex X.
(f) The state of Palestine shall have exclusive
title to all land and any buildings, facilities, infrastructure
or other property remaining in any of the settlements
on the date prescribed in the timetable for the completion
of the evacuation of this settlement.
(a) The states of Palestine and Israel shall establish
a corridor linking the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This
- Be under Israeli sovereignty.
- Be permanently open.
- Be under Palestinian administration in accordance
with Annex X of this Agreement. Palestinian law shall
apply to persons using and procedures appertaining
to the corridor.
- Not disrupt Israeli transportation and other infrastructural
networks, or endanger the environment, public safety
or public health. Where necessary, engineering solutions
will be sought to avoid such disruptions.
- Allow for the establishment of the necessary infrastructural
facilities linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Infrastructural facilities shall be understood to
include, inter alia, pipelines, electrical and communications
cables, and associated equipment as detailed in Annex
- Not be used in contravention of this Agreement.
(b) Defensive barriers shall be established along
the corridor and Palestinians shall not enter Israel
from this corridor, nor shall Israelis enter Palestine
from the corridor.
(c) The Parties shall seek the assistance of the
international community in securing the financing
for the corridor.
(d) The IVG shall guarantee the implementation of
this Article in accordance with Annex X.
(e) Any disputes arising between the Parties from
the operation of the corridor shall be resolved in
accordance with Article 16.
(f) The arrangements set forth in this clause may
only be terminated or revised by agreement of both